It has been known for more than one hundred years that pagan myths morphed into modern religions and that modern religions throughout the world have many similarities. What was not known until near the end of the twentieth century was what inspired ancient myths and pagan religions and why pagan religions throughout the world had so many similarities. The book Auroras, Petroglyphs, and Pagans presents evidence about natural events that would have made the ancients think there were visible gods in the sky and that those gods were destructive and required worship. The similarity of events seen in the ancient sky throughout the world inspired similar myths and religions.
Auroras, Petroglyphs, and Pagans has a chapter titled Surprising Solar System. It is still surprising. A note in Physics.org, says that “scientists have found that the water in Saturn's rings and satellites is unexpectedly like water on the Earth, except on Saturn's moon Phoebe, where the water is more unusual than on any other object so far studied in the Solar System.”[Emphasis added]
They further state that “new models need to be developed where the change from inner to outer Solar System is less.” [Emphasis added] [Physics.org, 120328]
The next chapter in the book, Why So Surprising?, presents information about why space probe discoveries have been so surprising since the beginning of the space age. The line "new models need to be developed" should provide a hint.
Physics.org, 120318, Planetary Science Institute, December 3, 2018. The water in Saturn's rings and satellites is like that on Earth except for moon Phoebe, which is out of this world. Retrieved on March 6, 2019 from
In a recent article in The New York Times, Viewing the Northern Lights: ‘It’s Almost Like Heavenly Visual Music’, Ingrid K. Williams quoted Dr. Trond Trondsen, an aurora expert in Calgary. “It’s so hard to paint a picture of the overwhelming emotional impact that it has,” he said.  [Bold added] She also said, “Many Sami were fearful of the northern lights, Ms. Sarri explained, and believed the aurora was a sacred manifestation of their ancestors’ souls.” The Sami people are historically known in English as Laplanders.
Research indicates that the auroras were considerably more intense around 10,000 years ago. Those intense auroras appear to have inspired a much greater ‘emotional impact’ on the ancients. This is the subject of the book Auroras, Petroglyphs, and Pagans.
1. Williams, Ingrid K., Viewing the Northern Lights: ‘It’s Almost Like Heavenly Visual Music’, New York Times, Feb. 11, 2019. Retrieved on February 24, 2019 from
Surprise: Dust in the orbit of Mercury
As previously mentioned, Auroras, Petroglyphs, and Pagans has a chapter titled Surprising Solar System. Another recent surprise is that “One study uses NASA data to outline evidence for a dust ring around the Sun at Mercury’s orbit.” [Tran] “Ironically, the two scientists stumbled upon the dust ring while searching for evidence of a dust-free region close to the Sun.” [Tram]
The chapter after Surprising Solar System is Why So Surprising? That chapter presents information about why space probe discoveries have been so surprising since the beginning of the space age. Part of the reason is the previous theories about what was to be expected. “At some distance from the Sun, according to a decades-old prediction, the star’s mighty heat should vaporize dust, sweeping clean an entire stretch of space.” [Tran] “Scientists never considered that a ring might exist along Mercury’s orbit, which is maybe why it’s gone undetected until now, [Guillermo] Stenborg said.” [Tran]
Tran, Lina, What Scientists Found After Sifting Through Dust in the Solar System, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., March 12, 2019. Retrieved on March 13, 2019 from https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/what-scientists-found-after-sifting-through-dust-in-the-solar-system
Interesting and relevant article:
The Northern Lights make a mysterious noise and now we might know why